The Carnegie Medal is a literary award that is awarded annually to an outstanding book for children and young people published in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1936 in memory of Scottish-American philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, who funded the construction of thousands of libraries throughout the world. The medal is awarded by CILIP (Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals) and is considered one of the most prestigious awards for children's literature in the UK. The winner of the Carnegie Medal is chosen by a panel of librarians and is announced each June. The award has recognized many notable authors over the years, including Arthur Ransome, C.S. Lewis, J.K. Rowling, Philip Pullman, Patrick Ness, and Sally Gardner.