Mary Shelley (1797-1851) was a British novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer and travel writer, whose gothic style and progressive ideas have made a permanent fixture in literary history. Daughter of political philosopher William Godwin and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Shelley quickly developed ideas about female independence, sexual freedom and how to compromise in the face of nineteenth century English convention. Her 1826 novel, "The Last Man", reflects Shelley's fears about civilization and the shortcomings of human behavior. The narrator discovers a prophetic manuscript, written in 2100 by the last survivor of a twenty-first century apocalypse, which recounts how a deadly plague spread throughout Europe and the world. The scribe, Lionel Verney, describes a world that is both fantasy, and a reflection of Shelley's reality. She used this novel to scrutinize the machinations of politics and philosophy, and reflect upon pitfalls of human behavior – selfishness, brutality, pride – that she saw in the world around her.
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (maiden name: Wollstonecraft Godwin) (1797–1851) was a British writer. Mary Shelley was the daughter of William Godwin and she was married to Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Mary Shelley is best known for her historical and Gothic novels. Her book Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus (1818), in which a scientist creates life in human form, has been a lasting inspiration to other writers, filmmakers and scientists.